types of adoption parent holding child

Types of Adoption

July 22, 2021
BY: Lesnevich, Marzano-Lesnevich, O'Cathain & O'Cathain


Types of Adoption

Type of Adoption child holding adult's handEvery family’s needs are different when it comes to adoption. As an Adoption lawyer like our friends at Felt Family Law can explain, there are a plethora of reasons to choose different methods of adoption that are available under the law. When starting the adoption process, it is important to work with an experienced family law attorney. A professional family law attorney will help you determine the best type of adoption for your family and will provide you with legal help throughout the process.

Adoption through an Agency

Adoption agencies can be public or private. They are regulated by the state and are licensed to find children for their adoptive families. If a child has been abandoned, abused, or orphaned, typically a public adoption agency will help place them. Private adoption agencies, alternatively, are usually run by charities or other social organizations. Normally the children helped through private agencies have been dropped off by their parents or the expectant mother comes to the agency to give up her child when its born. 

Independent Adoption

Another type of adoption is when the birth parents and the adoptive parents create a direct arrangement. In some cases there is a third party, which can be a doctor or a religious figure. Independent adoptions need to be handled carefully, so it is often recommended for the adoptive parents to have a family lawyer work through the paperwork. There are states that do not allow for an independent adoption and other states monitor the process extensively. 

International Adoption

The most complicated type of adoption is international adoption. In order to adopt a child whose citizenship is with a foreign country, you will need to meet the laws and regulations of both your state and the country the child is from. Parents will also need to obtain an immigrant visa for the child. If approved, the child will automatically receive American citizenship when they enter the United States. 

Stepparents Adoption

When a parent’s new spouse decides to adopt the child of their spouse who is from a different partner, it is known as a stepparent adoption. If both birth parents consent, the process can be very simple. If one of the birth parents is unable to be found or does not give their consent, a family law attorney will then be involved to draft up the extensive amounts of paperwork required. 

Relative Adoptions

When a child’s relatives want to adopt the child, it is aptly known as a relative or kinship adoption. Normally in these situations, grandparents or aunts and uncles will want to adopt the child after the death of the child’s birth parents or if the parents are incapacitated. Typically this process is easier than traditional adoption as the law prefers relatives raising children. 

Consult a Family Law Attorney

Adoption is an exciting experience families can go through, but it can also be extremely nerve wracking and stressful. By working with a family law attorney, you can navigate through the process with dedicated attorneys who will work on your behalf to ensure the adoption is going as smoothly as possible.